GFRP columns are crafted from a modern material that was invented only a few decades ago. However, their designs are often guided by the architecture of Ancient Greece and Rome. Classical Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer columns typically fall under one of five major classical orders. Read on to find out more about each type.
Architectural columns crafted of lightweight materials are often easier and less costly to transport, and can generally be installed faster. GRP columns typically weigh between 2 and 4.5 pounds per square foot, while Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete columns weigh just a fraction of exterior columns crafted from steel-reinforced precast.
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Cost is an important factor for most architectural elements. Exterior columns are no exception. Since GRP columns can be manufactured to replicate marble, bronze, limestone, and other costly materials, these types of exterior columns are often a financially-savvy choice.
Corinthian Column, Is It Really That Simple
While choosing a durable and practical material for architectural columns is important, aesthetics shouldn’t be overlooked. Cast stone columns are ideal if the appearance of natural cut stone is desired, while Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete columns are suitable for people who prefer concrete. GRP columns are the most versatile of the three, as they can replicate a wide variety of materials.
Thanks to modern materials, architectural columns can be practically any color or mixture of colors imaginable. Many manufacturers can make GRP columns to match almost any provided color sample. Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete columns are often available in a special finish that can be painted. Finally, cast stone columns, because they’re produced by replicating the natural stone formation process, can mimic almost any color combination found in nature.
As the name implies, Composite FRP columns are actually a blend of two orders: Ionic columns and Greek Corinthian columns. Composite Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer columns can be separated from the other major orders by their capitals. The portion crowning Composite GFRP columns is typically embellished with both scrolls and acanthus leaves. Composite columns are usually about 11 to 12 times more than they’re wide, making them thinner than those that form part of some of the other classical orders.
The shafts of Greek Corinthian fiber reinforced polymer columns are quite slender, giving these elements a somewhat delicate appearance. These columns feature an elaborate design, and are decorated with acanthus leaves and attractive capitals that are shaped like inverted bells. Greek Corinthian columns are also often referred to as Temple of the Winds columns.
Roman Corinthian GFRP columns are marked by the two tiers of involved leaf designs that normally appear at the tops of these elements. The shafts of these classical columns are typically quite slender, and may be smooth or fluted.
Ionic Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer columns have a height to thickness ratio of approximately nine to one. This gives these columns a solid, strong appearance. They usually rest on supportive bases. The shaft is often fluted. All four corners are embellished with scrolls. Ionic GFRP columns can often be obtained on universities and other institutions of higher learning.
Perhaps the most famous Doric columns in the world are those that were constructed for the Parthenon in Greece. This is the oldest type of classical column that is still manufactured today. These columns can be distinguished by their simplicity of design. Greek Doric Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer columns are also considerably thicker than those that form part of other classical orders. The shaft is fluted, the capital is very plain in appearance, and bases aren’t used. The low height to width ratio of Greek Doric GFRP columns provides these elements with an unmistakable appearance of formidableness and strength.